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Prostate cancer diagnosis

If your healthcare provider believes you may have prostate cancer, you will need certain exams and tests to be sure.

You should expect to be asked questions about your health history, your symptoms, risk factors, and family history of disease. Understanding your background will help your provider make a diagnosis.

You may have one of the following tests:

  • PSA Blood Test. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood tests are used to screen for prostate cancer in men without symptoms. Based on the results of this test, your doctor may recommend additional tests to better understand your condition and form a diagnosis.
  • Transrectal Ultrasound Guided Biopsy of the Prostate. If results from you PSA blood test or physical exam findings suggest you may have prostate cancer, a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy of the prostate may be performed to assess for the presence of prostate cancer. This is a test where a small probe is lubricated and placed in your rectum. The probe gives off sound waves that enter the prostate and creates an image of the prostate for the doctor to examine and to facilitate biopsy to remove tissue to be examined by a pathologist under a microscope. This procedure is often finished in less than 10 minutes, and can be completed in a doctor’s office or outpatient clinic.
  • Getting your test results

    Following your test, your nurse navigator will inform you when you can expect the results of your imaging test or biopsy. Further management will be recommended at that time.