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Clinical Cardiology

Clinical Cardiology

At the Gill Heart & Vascular Institute, we understand that dealing with heart and vascular problems can be very complex and frightening. Our physicians and staff provide compassionate evaluation and treatment while making certain that patients and families stay fully informed.

We offer our patients:

  • Accessibility: convenient parking and shuttle services.
  • Technology: The most advanced and state-of-the-art diagnostic technology in Kentucky to evaluate any and all cardiovascular problems.
  • Expert staff: The Gill physician staff includes experts from all aspects of cardiovascular disease, including complex valvular diseases, heart failure, congenital heart defects and cardiac rhythm problems.
  • Communication: Referring and primary care doctors are fully informed of the results of all evaluations at Gill.
  • Renowned specialists: Our team includes renowned cardiologists and cardiology interventionalists, plus thorough and caring employees who are committed to service excellence.
  • Commitment: Willingness, without hesitation, to go beyond Lexington’s borders to reach our patients and give them the care they deserve.
  • About This Service

    Our general cardiology services at the Gill Heart Institute includes preventive cardiology, sophisticated diagnostic and treatment services, and referral, as needed, to one of our specialized cardiology programs. Our team specializes in collaboration, bringing together physicians from all areas of cardiology to assist in your individual diagnosis and treatment program.

    The Gill Heart & Vascular Institute is a dedicated cardiovascular center that provides all care in the same location, including clinics, non-invasive cardiac diagnostics; and interventional cardiac techniques such as cardiac catheterization, angioplasty and electrophysiology. The Institute also provides a base for the physicians providing this care and has special focus on counseling cardiac patients and their families.

    The Institute’s clinical programs target the high incidence of heart disease in Kentucky, while the research and teaching programs work to advance cardiovascular care throughout the world. Our goal is to provide every patient with exceptionally compassionate care in the safest and most appropriate manner possible based on the best evidence and the latest technological advances.

  • Advanced Diagnostic Tests

    New and advanced diagnostic tests and tools are constantly being introduced to further understand the complexity of heart problems. The following are just a few of the diagnostic tests that we use to further understand and identify cardiovascular disease.  

    • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): A test that records the electrical activity of the heart, shows abnormal rhythms (arrhythmias or dysrhythmias) and can sometimes detect heart muscle damage.
    • Signal Averaged Electrocardiogram (SAE): A test that is much like an ECG, but takes longer because it records more information related to abnormal electrical activity.
    • Stress test (usually with ECG; also called treadmill or exercise ECG): A test that is given while a patient walks on a treadmill or pedals a stationary bike to monitor the heart during exercise. Breathing and blood pressure rates are also monitored. A stress test may be used to detect coronary artery disease and/or to determine safe levels of exercise following a heart attack or heart surgery.
    • Echocardiogram (also known as echo): A noninvasive test that uses sound waves to evaluate the heart’s chambers and valves. The echo sound waves create an image on the monitor as an ultrasound transducer is passed over the heart.
    • Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE): A test in which a small transducer is passed down the esophagus to provide a clearer image of heart structures.
    • Holter monitor: A small, portable, battery-powered ECG machine worn by a patient to record heartbeats on tape over a period of 24 to 48 hours during normal activities. At the end of the time period, the monitor is returned to the doctor’s office so the tape can be read and evaluated.
    • Event recorder: A small, portable, battery-powered machine used by a patient to record ECG over a long period of time. Patients may keep the recorder for several weeks. Each time symptoms are experienced, the patient presses a button on the recorder to record the ECG sample. As soon as possible, this sample is sent to the doctor’s office for evaluation.