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Vertebroplasty

Vertebroplasty is a surgery that is done to try to relieve pain from compression fractures of the spine by stabilizing the broken bone with a substance that works like cement. The surgery is not done very often, because most fractures heal on their own. Fractures can happen because of osteoporosis, tumors, or other conditions.

  • How it's done

    How is vertebroplasty done?

    Your doctor will numb the area and make a small cut in your back. He or she then inserts a hollow needle or tube. The doctor guides the needle to the fractured area using fluoroscopy. This is a kind of X-ray.

    When the needle is in place, the doctor injects a type of cement into the vertebra. The cement mixture hardens in about half an hour.

    Vertebroplasty for Compression Fracture

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    Courtesy of Intermountain Medical Imaging, Boise, Idaho.

    Figure 1 shows a broken (fractured) vertebra from thin, weak bones caused by osteoporosis (compression fracture).

    Figure 2 shows a needle inserted into the fractured vertebra.

    Figure 3 shows cement injected into the vertebra to give it structural support.

  • What to expect

    After vertebroplasty: Overview

    After vertebroplasty to relieve pain from compression fractures, you may feel sore where the hollow needle went into your back. The soreness should go away in a few days.

    You likely will go home the same day. You may take some pain medicine for a couple of days.

    Most people are able to return to their daily activities within a day after the procedure.

  • Self-care

    How can you care for yourself after vertebroplasty?

    Activity

    • Take it easy for the first 24 hours. Rest when you feel tired. Getting enough sleep will help you recover.
    • For the first day after the procedure, avoid lifting anything that would make you strain. This may include heavy grocery bags and milk containers, a heavy briefcase or backpack, cat litter or dog food bags, a vacuum cleaner, or a child.

    Diet

    • You can eat your normal diet. If your stomach is upset, try bland, low-fat foods like plain rice, broiled chicken, toast, and yogurt.

    Medicines

    • Take pain medicines exactly as directed. If the doctor gave you a prescription medicine for pain, take it as prescribed.
    • If you are not taking a prescription pain medicine, ask your doctor if you can take an over-the-counter medicine.
    • Do not take two or more pain medicines at the same time unless your doctor told you to. Many pain medicines have acetaminophen, which is Tylenol. Too much acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be harmful.

    Incision care

    • You will have a dressing over the cut (incision). A dressing helps the incision heal and protects it. Your doctor will tell you how to take care of this.

    Ice

    • If you are sore where the needle was inserted, put ice or a cold pack on your back for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Try to do this every 1 to 2 hours for the next 3 days (when you are awake) or until the swelling goes down. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin.

    Copyrighted material adapted with permission from Healthwise, Incorporated. This information does not replace the advice of a doctor.