Sports Injuries - Pediatric
Accidents happen. After a minor sports injury, many young athletes recover with rest and time away from the sport. If an injury is more serious, further treatment may be necessary.
Symptoms vary depending on the injury, but common symptoms include:
- Being unable to place weight on the injured body part
- Joint immobility or difficulty moving joints
- Pain or tenderness in the injured area
- Swelling of the injured area
- Visibly dislocated joint or bone
- Schedule a physical before the child begins playing sports to ensure he or she is healthy enough to participate.
- Make sure the child uses the right equipment, shoes and clothing for his or her sport.
- Encourage the child to warm up before playing, as well as cool down and stretch afterward.
- Tell the child to stop playing if he or she feels hurt.
- See Thrower's Ten workout to help strengthen shoulder muscles.
All sports carry some risk for injury, but some participants are at a higher risk due to:
- Growth spurts or imbalance in children
- Improper technique
- Playing sports without warming up or stretching
- Medical history and symptom review. The healthcare provider will ask about sports participation, how the injury occurred, any previous injuries and current symptoms.
- Physical examination. The doctor will examine the child’s injury to determine what treatment is necessary.
- Imaging. Depending on the child’s injury, X-rays, MRIs or CT scans may be necessary.
- Conservative options include the RICE method (rest, ice, compression and elevation), over-the-counter pain medications and splinting.
- Physical therapy may be recommended to help safely exercise the area, regain strength and range of motion or prevent additional damage.
- Surgery is recommended for severe injuries that won’t respond to more conservative treatments.
- Children should limit activity while healing.
- The injury should be completely healed before the child returns to the sport.