First, you and your physician will discuss details of the surgery itself, including what type of anesthesia you will receive. Additionally, you will want to take steps to get your body in the best shape for surgery. These may include quitting smoking, eating a nutrient-rich diet, not drinking alcohol for 48 hours before the procedure and strengthening your muscles with conditioning exercises.
If your knee is impacted by arthritis, an orthopedic surgeon may perform a partial knee replacement, which involves placing an implant in front of the knee or inside or outside the joint.
If your hip is affected, joint resurfacing will involve replacing the hip socket with a metal cup. Your surgeon will then reshape the deteriorated portion of the hip ball before covering it with a metal prosthesis.
Before you leave the hospital, your joint replacement team will establish a plan for your rehabilitation that may include medications, restrictions and physical therapy to help as you recover from your procedure. Your physical therapist will teach you about exercise options that will help you regain your strength and address how to safely perform daily activities, including tasks such as bathing, dressing and housework.
Most people who have had a joint resurfacing procedure are ready to return to their regular activities an estimated six weeks following the surgery.