If your health care provider believes you may have diabetic nephropathy, you will need certain exams and tests to be sure. You should expect to be asked questions about your health history, your symptoms, risk factors and family history of disease. Understanding your background will help your provider make a diagnosis.

Your provider may also give you a physical exam.

Albumin is a protein that can indicate kidney issues if it’s present when you have your urine tested.

Creatinine is a waste product found in the blood. If there is too much in a blood test, it can mean the kidneys aren’t working well.

A glomerular filtration rate (GFR) test is a blood test that checks how well your kidneys are functioning.