If you have type 2 diabetes, these steps can help manage your condition:

  • Check your blood glucose and manage the levels. Regularly monitor your blood glucose levels and ensure they are in target. When they are frequently out of target, work with your healthcare provider to adjust your medication regimen. 
  • Eat well. Choose foods such as fruits, vegetables, lean protein and whole grains. Avoid added sugars and saturated fats.
  • Be active. Physical activity helps your body use insulin better and lowers blood glucose. It also helps lower the risk of heart disease.
  • When your blood glucose is too low or too high, treat it right away. To prevent any complications from type 2 diabetes, know what to do when your levels are out of target. If they’re too low, eat or drink food that is high in sugar (e.g., fruit juice or glucose tablets). If they’re too high, take medication as instructed by your health care provider.
  • Go to medical appointments regularly. Because diabetes can cause complications, it’s important to regularly visit your health care provider.