• Check your blood sugar and manage the levels. Regularly monitor your blood sugar levels and ensure they are in target. When they are frequently out of target, work with your healthcare provider to adjust your medication regimen. 
  • Eat well. With type 1 diabetes, you will need to focus on foods that will help keep your blood sugar levels in-range, such as non-starchy vegetables and lean protein. Limit the amount of carbohydrates you eat. Carbohydrates raise blood glucose levels and are in foods such as bread, rice and pasta.
  • Exercise. Physical activity helps your body use insulin and lowers the risk of heart disease and nerve damage.
  • When your blood sugar is too low or too high, treat it right away. To prevent any complications from type 1 diabetes, know what to do when your levels aren’t in-target. If they’re too low, eat or drink food that is high in sugar. If they’re too high, take medication as instructed by your health care provider.
  • Count your carbs. Each carbohydrate requires a certain amount of insulin to keep your blood levels stable. Your health care provider can help you determine your insulin-to-carb ratio and if this approach is right for you.
  • Go to medical appointments regularly. Because diabetes can cause complications, it’s important to regularly visit your health care provider.