• Check your blood glucose and manage the levels. Regularly monitor your blood glucose levels and ensure they are in target. When they are frequently out of target, work with your healthcare provider to adjust your medication regimen. 
  • Eat well. With type 1 diabetes, you will need to focus on foods that will help keep your blood glucose levels in-range, such as non-starchy vegetables and lean protein. You may need to change the type and/or amount of carbohydrate foods (e.g., fruit, bread, rice, pasta, potatoes and other starchy vegetables, desserts, and sugar-sweetened beverages) you eat. Carbohydrates raise blood glucose levels.
  • Exercise. Physical activity helps your body use insulin better and lowers blood glucose. It also helps lower the risk of heart disease.
  • When your blood glucose is too low or too high, treat it right away. To prevent any complications from type 1 diabetes, know what to do when your levels are out of target. If they’re too low, eat or drink food that is high in sugar (e.g., fruit juice or glucose tablets). If they’re too high, take medication as instructed by your health care provider.
  • Count your carbs. Each carbohydrate requires a certain amount of insulin to keep your blood glucose levels stable. Your health care provider can help you determine your insulin-to-carb ratio and if this approach is right for you.
  • Go to medical appointments regularly. Because diabetes can cause complications, it’s important to regularly visit your health care provider.

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