To diagnose type 2 diabetes, your provider will complete certain exams and tests. You may also be asked questions about your child’s health history, symptoms, risk factors and family history of disease. Understanding your child’s background will help the provider make a diagnosis.

The provider may also give your child a physical exam and may run additional tests.

A glucose test can be performed as part of regular blood work, either when fasting (called a fasting plasma glucose test) or at any time as needed (called a random plasma glucose test).

An A1C blood test measures blood glucose levels over the previous three-month period and can be used to check for blood sugar fluctuations over a period of time.