/ by UK HealthCare
Quick action by UK’s stroke experts saves Lexington man’s life
Greg Whiteker was saying, “Gracie, sit.” But Gracie wouldn’t sit.
Eventually Whiteker realized that Gracie, his beloved golden-collie mix, wasn’t sitting because she didn’t hear him speak. And she didn’t hear him speak because he wasn’t actually speaking.
He couldn’t get the words out.
That was when Whiteker realized that he might be having a stroke.
Whiteker had been diagnosed with diabetes at age 30 and had had his blood sugar under control for a while, but eventually he’d stopped following his diet.
“I ignored my diabetes,” he said. “I told myself that one of these days I was going to fix it.”
He reconnected with his high school sweetheart, Kim, and in 2008 they married. With her encouragement, he quit his 20-year smoking habit, began to eat right and lost 55 pounds. Unfortunately, the damage was already done.
When the stroke happened, he called Kim at work and she took him to the UK Albert B. Chandler Hospital Emergency Department.
“I walked up to the desk and told them I thought I was having a stroke, and they swooped in on me,” he said. “A nurse came out to the waiting room to screen me, and within 10 minutes I was on my way to get a CT scan.”
Comprehensive stroke care right here in Lexington
The scenario Whiteker describes is the reason why UK HealthCare’s Kentucky Neuroscience Institute was recently redesignated as a Comprehensive Stroke Center by The Joint Commission, our accrediting body. In 2014, KNI was the first in Lexington to receive this designation, widely considered the gold standard for stroke care. There are only 162 centers in the U.S. that have earned this designation.
To be eligible for Comprehensive Stroke status, organizations must meet rigorous standards of care, including having advanced imaging capabilities, around-the-clock availability of specialized treatments and unique competencies to care for complex stroke patients.
The Comprehensive Stroke designation was accompanied by two other top awards from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association: Get with the Guidelines Target Gold Plus and Target Stroke Honor Roll Elite Plus, both of which acknowledge KNI’s ability to respond quickly to a stroke emergency and to provide the highest possible level of evidence-based care.
“The Target Stroke Honor Roll Elite Plus designation means that at UK HealthCare, we treat more than 75 percent of appropriate patients with clot-busting drugs within 60 minutes of arrival and more than 50 percent within 45 minutes,” said Dr. Larry Goldstein, KNI co-director and a national expert in stroke care. “Immediate intervention is crucial to long-term survival and quality of life for stroke patients, and these designations by The Joint Commission and the American Heart Association are intended to reflect an appropriate standard of care and reward healthcare institutions that meet those goals.”
Another factor in Comprehensive Stroke status is access to the latest stroke research.
“Although advances in stroke treatment are highly effective in removing the cause of the stroke, current therapy does not lead to full recovery in all patients,” Goldstein said. “However, our researchers are exploring drugs that, when used in combination with thrombectomy – the physical removal of a blood clot – may limit brain tissue damage and promote healing in stroke survivors.”
The study Goldstein referenced is the first in the world to pair thrombectomy with immediate, intra-arterial administration of a neuroprotective drug and is currently in a Phase II clinical trial at UK.
Goldstein came to UK three years ago in part for the saddest of reasons: Kentucky has one of the highest rates of stroke in the country. Stroke is the third-leading cause of death in Kentucky (compared to fifth nationally) and a leading cause of adult disability, according to the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
“For the past 30 years we’ve seen rapid decline in stroke-related death in America, probably due to a reduction in the prevalence of risk factors such as smoking and obesity combined with advances in stroke treatment,” Goldstein said. “Lately, however, our progress has leveled out, and in Kentucky we’re actually losing ground. That’s why having a Comprehensive Stroke Center – and all that it brings – is so important to the state.”
Life after a stroke
Whiteker now says he’s grateful for his stroke, because as a result, doctors discovered he also had potentially devastating heart disease and a hole in the wall of his heart called a patent foramen ovale or PFO. Surgeons from the UK Gill Heart & Vascular Institute performed quintuple bypass surgery and corrected the PFO. Whiteker is now nearly 100 percent with almost no post-stroke deficits. He’s lost another 40 pounds and calls himself an “evangelist for good health habits.”
“I squandered my health,” Whiteker said. His brother died of a heart attack last year at age 55, so Whiteker is acutely aware of the gift of a second chance. He and his wife look forward to retirement together, when they will travel and continue to spoil Gracie.
“And I’ll keep loving my kale and broccoli,” he quipped.