Corley, M.C., Elswick, R.K., Gorman, M. & Clor, T. (2001) Development and Evaluation of a Moral Distress Scale. Journal of Advanced Nursing 33(2): 250-256.

Epstein, E.G. & Hamric, A.B. (2009) Moral Distress, Moral Residue, and the Crescendo Effect. The Journal of Clinical Ethics 20(4): 330-42.

Epstein, E.G., Whitehead, P.B., Prompahakul, C., Thacker, L.R. & Hamric, A.B. (2019) Enhancing Understanding of Moral Distress: The Measure of Moral Distress for Health Care Professionals. AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10(2): 113-124.

Hamric, A.B., Borchers, C.T. & Epstein, E.G. (2012) Development and Testing of an Instrument to Measure Moral Distress in Healthcare Professionals. AJOB Primary Research 3(2): 1-9.

Hamric, A.B. & Epstein, E.G. (2017) A Health System-wide Moral Distress Consultation Service: Development and Evaluation. HEC Forum 29(2): 127-143.

Hamric, A.B. & Blackhall, L.J. (2007) Nurse-physician perspectives on the care of dying patients in intensive care units: Collaboration, moral distress, and ethical climate. Critical Care Medicine 35(2): 422-429.

Helft, P.R., Bledsoe, P.D., Hancock, M. & Wocial, L.D. (2009) Facilitated Ethics Conversations: A Novel Program for Managing Moral Distress in Bedside Nursing Staff. JONA’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 11(1): 27-33.

Lachman, V.D., Murray, J.S., Iseminger, K. & Ganske, K.M. (2012) Doing the right thing: Pathways to moral courage. American Nurse Today 7(5).

Pavlish, C., Brown-Saltzman, K., Hersh, M., Shirk, M. & Rounkle, A. (2011) Nursing Priorities, Actions, and Regrets for Ethical Situations in Clinical Practice. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 43(4): 385-395.

Pavlish, C., Brown-Saltzman, K., Hersh, M., Shirk, M. & Nudelman, O. (2011) Early Indicators and Risk Factors for Ethical Issues in Clinical Practice. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 43(1): 13-21.

Peter, E. & Liaschenko, J. (2013) Moral Distress Reexamined: A Feminist Interpretation of Nurses’ Identities, Relationships, and Responsibilities. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10(3): 337-345.

Rushton, C.H., Kaszniak, A.W., & Halifax, J.S. (2013) A Framework for Understanding Moral Distress among Palliative Care Clinicians. Journal of Palliative Medicine 16(9): 1-6.

Rushton, C.H., Kaszniak, A.W., & Halifax, J.S. (2013) Addressing Moral Distress: Application of a Framework to Palliative Care Practice. Journal of Palliative Medicine 16(9): 1080-1088.

Rushton, C.H. (2013) Principled Moral Outrage: An Antidote to Moral Distress. Advanced Critical Care 24(1): 82-89.

Rushton, C.H. (2006) Defining and Addressing Moral Distress: Tools for Critical Care Nursing Leaders. Advanced Critical Care 17(2): 161-168.

Varcoe, C., Pauly, B., Webster, G. & Storch, J. (2012) Moral Distress: Tensions as Springboards for Action. HEC Forum 24(1): 51-62.

Wocial L.D. & Weaver M.T. (2013) Development and Psychometric Testing of a New Tool for Detecting Moral Distress: the Moral Distress Thermometer. Journal of Advanced Nursing 69(1): 167–174.

Iseminger, K., (Sept 30, 2010) Moral Courage amid Moral Distress: Strategies for Action. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing 15(3): Overview and Summary. Special issue with multiple articles about moral distress.

Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 3(2). Special issue with multiple articles about moral distress.

Case Studies in Nursing Ethics
Sara T. Fry; Robert M. Veatch; Carol Taylor
©2011 Jones & Bartlett Learning ISBN: 9780763780319

A Nurse’s Story
Tilda Shalof
© 2005 McClelland & Steward Ltd. Emblem Edition ISBN: 0771080875