The healthcare-associated infections (HAI) measures are developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and collected through the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). They provide information on infections that patients develop while in the hospital.
NHSN is reporting each healthcare associated infection by a method called Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR). The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare associated infections (HAIs) over time, at a national, state, or facility level. The SIR compares the actual number of HAIs at each hospital, to the predicted number of infections. It is the ratio of the actual number to the predicted one.
These infections can be related to devices, such as central lines and urinary catheters, or they can be spread from patient to patient through contact with an infected person or surface.
Central line-associated bloodstream infection
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection
Surgical site infections from colon surgery
Surgical site infections from abdominal hysterectomy
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) blood laboratory-identified events (bloodstream infections)
Clostridium difficile (C. Diff.) laboratory identified events intestinal infections
Higher rates of serious but potentially preventable complications may be a sign of poorer quality hospital care. Hospitals can reduce the chance of these serious complications by following safe practices. This composite summarizes 11 individual Patient Safety Indicator (PSI) measures.
These measures include:
- Pressure sores.
- Collapsed lung that results from medical treatment.
- Infections from a large venous catheter.
- Broken hip from a fall after surgery.
- Blood clots in the lung or a large vein after surgery.
- Bloodstream infection after surgery.
- A rupture along a surgical suture.
- Accidental cuts and tears.
- Bleeding or a collection of blood internally after surgery.
- Blood sugar problems or kidney failure following surgery.
- Respiratory failure following surgery.
Patient safety indicator