Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat acute, painful and potentially debilitating compression fractures of the vertebral bodies of the thoracic and lumbar spine. The primary goals of kyphoplasty are pain relief and return to function, but the procedure can also restore height that is lost with vertebral compression.

During kyphoplasty, which is usually performed in the operating room while the patient is sedated, a surgeon uses X-ray guidance and specialized equipment to place and inflate a balloon within the damaged vertebral body. The inflated balloon restores the vertebral body to its original size. After the balloon is removed, cement is injected into the cavity to hold the damaged vertebral body’s shape.

When performed in the early stages following fracture occurrence, kyphoplasty can significantly decrease pain.

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