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New UK genetic ophthalmologist specializes in inherited eye diseases

Dr. Ramiro Maldonado

/ by UK HealthCare

Ophthalmic genetics, the branch of medicine concerned with inherited eye diseases, is a relatively new subspecialty with fewer than 100 practitioners worldwide. In July 2017, the team at UK Advanced Eye Care became home to one of these rare practitioners, Dr. Ramiro Maldonado.

Maldonado, who joined UK as an assistant professor of ophthalmology in the College of Medicine, is from Ecuador. He completed his residency in ophthalmology at Duke University and went on to participate in fellowships in medical retina and ophthalmic genetics at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland.

“Most patients with inherited retinal diseases are looking for answers about their future,” said Maldonado. “They want to know how long they’re going to be able to see or how their vision will be in 10 or 20 years. Our goal is to try to answer their questions and guide them through the many challenges they will be facing in the future, as well as to connect them with the research treatment options that are currently available.”

Maldonado’s expertise

While Maldonado treats patients with retinal disease of any kind, his research interests focus on conditions such as retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited disease in which the back wall of the eye is damaged, causing severe vision impairment, and Stargardt disease, the most common form of inherited juvenile macular degeneration.

In addition to diagnosing patients, Maldonado’s work involves genetic testing and counseling to give patients a comprehensive analysis of inheritance patterns that can help in determining the chances of passing on certain diseases and conditions to their children.

Maldonado is excited to bring his expertise to UK Advanced Eye Care and looks forward to the continued study of gene therapies that could lead to therapeutic interventions for differing inherited diseases.

“We aim to have clinical trials and secure grants to support [these] research efforts. We are living in an exciting moment for ophthalmic genetics, and we want to be there to help our patients throughout the world.”

Next steps:

  • Learn more about UK Advanced Eye Care’s services, including general ophthalmology, laser vision correction and cataract surgery.
  • Even if you don’t have vision problems, it’s still important to see an eye doctor. Find out how often and why you should have an eye exam.