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Peter Spielmann, PhD

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  • About

    Faculty Rank

    Associate Professor
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  • Publications

    1. Down syndrome: age-dependence of PiB binding in postmortem frontal cortex across the lifespan. Levine H, 3rd;Spielmann, H.P.;Matveev, S.;Cauvi, F.M.;Murphy, M.P.;Beckett, T.L.;McCarty, K.;Lott, I.T.;Doran, E.;Schmitt, F.;Head, E. Neurobiology of aging 54, (2017): 163-169.
    2. Structure and specificity of a permissive bacterial C-prenyltransferase. Elshahawi, S.I.;Cao, H.;Shaaban, K.A.;Ponomareva, L.V.;Subramanian, T.;Farman, M.L.;Spielmann, H.P.;Phillips GN, J.;Thorson, J.S.;Singh, S. Nature chemical biology 13, 4 (2017): 366-368.
    3. Preventing farnesylation of the dynein adaptor Spindly contributes to the mitotic defects caused by farnesyltransferase inhibitors. Holland, A.J.;Reis, R.M.;Niessen, S.;Pereira, C.;Andres, D.A.;Spielmann, H.P.;Cleveland, D.W.;Desai, A.;Gassmann, R. Molecular biology of the cell 26, 10 (2015): 1845-56.
    4. Formation of a Novel Macrocyclic Alkaloid from the Unnatural Farnesyl Diphosphate Analogue Anilinogeranyl Diphosphate by 5-Epi-Aristolochene Synthase. Rising, K.A.;Crenshaw, C.M.;Koo, H.J.;Subramanian, T.;Chehade, K.A.;Starks, C.;Allen, K.D.;Andres, D.A.;Spielmann, H.P.;Noel, J.P.;Chappell, J. ACS chemical biology 10, 7 (2015): 1729-36.
    5. Novel Citronellyl-Based Photoprobes Designed to Identify ER Proteins Interacting with Dolichyl Phosphate in Yeast and Mammalian Cells. Rush, J.S.;Subramanian, T.;Subramanian, K.L.;Onono, F.O.;Waechter, C.J.;Spielmann, H.P. Current chemical biology 9, 2 (2015): 123-141.
  • Research

    Cancer Center Member

    Research Focus

    The central theme of our research is understanding and describing the specific interactions and structural parameters that govern recognition between molecules.

    Nucleic Acids: Our main research effort is focused on understanding the dynamics and conformational differences between damaged and undamaged DNAs, and their interactions with repair proteins. The primary tools that are employed in these studies are nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and synthetic organic chemistry. We have observed evidence for altered helix dynamics in response to photo-alkylation of DNA by the mutagen psoralen. The results of these studies should help clarify the relationship between DNA damage, DNA repair and carcinogenesis. We are continuing to develop techniques to incorporate dynamic information from NMR into the structure determination of nucleic acid solution conformations. Data of this kind will enable the community to deduce DNA structures more accurately from spectroscopic data, and to understand the limitations of those structures better. Many protein components of DNA repair systems in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes have been identified and are ripe for biophysical investigation.

    My group also focuses on understanding the molecular interactions that govern molecular recognition of ligand-nucleic acid and ligand-protein systems. Synthetic, enzymatic and NMR studies of ligand-macromolecule complexes yield structural information that allows identification of some of the intermolecular features that are involved in specific molecular recognition processes. DNA and RNA are logical targets for the rational structure based development of therapeutic agents because of their central role in metabolism. Small molecule ligand-DNA systems can be synthesized with reasonable ease and are spectroscopically tractable. The many different kinds of binding modes exhibited by molecules with DNA makes it possible to decompose the interactions into various simpler components.

    Isoprenylation: The superfamily of GTP-binding proteins are involved in the regulation of cellular receptor mediated signaling pathways. These small G-proteins are regulated by both post-translational modifications and interactions with a number of regulatory proteins. Post-translational modification by isoprenylation involves the covalent attachment of either a 15-carbon farnesyl or 20-carbon geranylgeranyl group to COOH-terminal cysteines and is crucial for the biological activity of these proteins. The post-translational isoprenylation of proteins requires multiple steps of substrate recognition. We are working with Professor Doug Andres' group to synthesize and evaluate new heterobifunctional photo-affinity probes to study the biochemistry of protein isoprenylation in eukaryotic cells.

    Fullerenes: Working with Professor Mark Meier's group, we are developing methodology for the selective functionalization of fullerenes. In particular, we are interested in the functionalization of fullerene derivatives through chemical modification of hydrogenated fullerenes. The central focus of our efforts is understanding of how the initial addition reaction directs the reactivity of the remaining C=C bonds in the molecule. The application of NMR methods has been critical for obtaining definitive structural proof of these new materials.

    PCB's: In Conjunction with Professor Larry Robertson's group, we are investigating the chemistry of metabolically activated polychlorinatedbiphenys (PCB). We are particularly interested in the potential formation of DNA adducts by these compounds.

    Programs

    • Drug Discovery, Delivery and Translational Therapeutics

    College & Department

    • College of Medicine
    • Department of Biochemistry

    For Referring Physicians

    BBSRB 445
    University of Kentucky
    Lexington, KY 40536
    United States

    Phone
    859-257-4790
    Email
    hps@uky.edu