One common treatment for vaginal cancer is surgery, where a procedure is performed in order to remove the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue. Patients have several surgical options, and the type of surgery can depend on a few factors, such as:
- Your overall health.
- The type and stage of your cancer.
- The size of the tumor.
- If the cancer has spread within the vagina, outside of the vagina to the lymph nodes, or to other parts of the body.
The most common types of vaginal cancer surgery include:
- Local Excision. In a local excision procedure, the surgeon removes the cancer along with surrounding tissue. For small stage I cancers, treatment may include a radical wide local excision along with a procedure to evaluate the lymph nodes.
- Vaginectomy. This type of surgery aims to remove the vagina. Depending on the case, full- or partial vaginectomy may be required. A radical vaginectomy is removal of the vagina along with surrounding tissue.