It’s not possible to prevent all throat cancers. However, you can reduce your chances by avoiding certain risk factors.
Risk factors for throat cancer include:
Use of tobacco products and exposure to secondhand smoke
Heavy alcohol use
Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection that may be prevented with the HPV vaccine
Poor nutrition or a diet lacking in certain vitamins may also contribute to throat cancers, as well as other diseases. A healthy diet that includes fruits and vegetables and low amounts of processed meats and refined grains may lower your risk for certain cancers.