There are two main types of birth control: hormonal and non-hormonal contraception. Hormonal birth control methods include the pill, the patch, the ring, the shot, and the intrauterine system (IUS). These methods work primarily by suppressing ovulation (preventing an egg from being released from an ovary). They might also work by altering cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter into the uterus, and by altering the uterine lining, preventing implantation of a fertilized egg. Hormonal birth control methods are very effective, reversible methods of birth control and safe for most young, healthy women. Before you start any of these methods, please read the material accompanying your medication.
Hormonal contraception does not provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). For more information about STIs and safer sex, please visit the sexual health section.
Non-hormonal birth control methods include abstinence, condoms (male and female), diaphragm, intrauterine device (IUD), and sterilization (vasectomy and tubal ligation). These methods primarily work by preventing sperm from reaching an egg, often by creating a barrier (these are also called “barrier methods” of contraception). Many of these forms of contraception are reversible (with the exception of sterilization, which is meant to be permanent). Abstinence and condoms (male and female) provide STI protection; the other types do not provide STI protection.
If you would like more information about birth control, including which type is best for you and how to use the various forms of birth control, you can schedule an appointment with the health and wellness nurse or the sexual health educator by calling 859-323-2778 (APPT).
Hormonal birth control methods such as -- Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP), Ring (NuvaRing) and Patch (Ortho Evra) are very effective, reversible methods of birth control and safe for most young, healthy women. Before you start any of these methods, please read the material accompanying your pack. To learn information about hormonal birth control options click here »
Non-hormonal birth control methods such as male condoms, diaphragms and abstinence are effective methods of birth control for women. Before having sex, make sure you have a plan. To learn more about other forms of birth control and more non-hormonal methods, click here »
For additional resources and information about birth control, check out the links below:
Adult health library - UK HealthCare »
Association of Reproductive Health Professionals »
Office of Women's Health »
Planned Parenthood »