Neurogenic bladder is caused by nervous system damage. The nerves that carry messages to the bladder to hold and release urine do not work properly. The damage can cause the bladder to be underactive, (unable to contract and unable to empty completely), or overactive, (contracts too quickly or frequently).
Spinal cord tumors and abnormalities such as spina bifida may increase one's risk of developing neurogenic bladder. Diabetes, acute infections and genetic nerve problems may also cause neurogenic bladder.
Inability to control urination (urinary incontinence) is the most common symptom associated with neurogenic bladder. Other symptoms may include:
- Urinary tract infection
- Kidney stones
- Small urine volume
- Urinating frequently with a feeling of urgency
- Weak stream of urine
- Not having a feeling of a full bladder
Neurogenic bladder - American Urological Association