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young-william

William F. Young Jr., MD

Practice areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Faculty rank

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Clinic information

Clinical interests

  • Bedside Teaching
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Evidence-Based Medicine

Education

Degree

Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, N.C.

Residency

Valley Medical Center, Fresno, Calif.

Certifications or Special training

American Board of Emergency Medicine

Additional information

Profile
My name is William F. Young; I received my medical degree from Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, N.C. I am board certified by the American Board of Emergency Medicine.

Research/Publications

  1. Carney JA, Ho J, Kitsuda K, Young WF, Stratakis CA. Massive neonatal adrenal enlargement due to cytomegaly, persistence of the transient cortex, and hyperplasia of the permanent cortex: findings in Cushing syndrome associated with hemihypertrophy. Am J Surg Pathol. 2012 Oct; 36(10):1452-63. PMID: 22982888.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Power AH, Bower TC, Kasperbauer J, Link MJ, Oderich G, Cloft H, Young WF, Gloviczki P. Impact of preoperative embolization on outcomes of carotid body tumor resections. J Vasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 56(4):979-89. PMID: 22727841.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Lewis MA, Thompson GB, Young WF. Preoperative assessment of the pancreas in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. World J Surg. 2012 Jun; 36(6):1375-81. PMID: 22382771.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Young PJ, Dalley P, Garden A, Horrocks C, La Flamme A, Mahon B, Miller J, Pilcher J, Weatherall M, Williams J, Young W, Beasley R. A pilot study investigating the effects of remote ischemic preconditioning in high-risk cardiac surgery using a randomised controlled double-blind protocol. Basic Res Cardiol. 2012; 107(3):256. PMID: 22406977.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Sheperd CS, Young WF. Instrumented Outpatient Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Is it Safe? Int Surg. 2012 Jan; 97(1):86-9. PMID: 23102004.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Young WF. Conventional imaging in adrenocortical carcinoma: update and perspectives. Horm Cancer. 2011 Dec; 2(6):341-7. PMID: 21997291.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Carney JA, Young WF, Stratakis CA. Primary bimorphic adrenocortical disease: cause of hypercortisolism in McCune-Albright syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol. 2011 Sep; 35(9):1311-26. PMID: 21836496.
    View in: PubMed
  8. McBride JF, Atwell TD, Charboneau WJ, Young WF, Wass TC, Callstrom MR. Minimally invasive treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma: efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation and cryoablation therapy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Sep; 22(9):1263-70. PMID: 21856504.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Parthasarathy HK, Ménard J, White WB, Young WF, Williams GH, Williams B, Ruilope LM, McInnes GT, Connell JM, MacDonald TM. A double-blind, randomized study comparing the antihypertensive effect of eplerenone and spironolactone in patients with hypertension and evidence of primary aldosteronism. J Hypertens. 2011 May; 29(5):980-90. PMID: 21451421.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Tanaka S, Tanabe A, Aiba M, Hizuka N, Takano K, Zhang J, Young WF. Glucocorticoid- and androgen-secreting black adrenocortical adenomas: unique cause of corticotropin-independent Cushing syndrome. Endocr Pract. 2011 May-Jun; 17(3):e73-8. PMID: 21700558.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Quillo AR, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Farley DR, Richards ML, Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: results of adrenalectomy for nonsingle adenoma. J Am Coll Surg. 2011 Jul; 213(1):106-12; discussion 112-3. PMID: 21489832.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Roberts A, Young WF. Prophylactic retrievable inferior vena cava filters in spinal cord injured patients. Surg Neurol Int. 2010; 1:68. PMID: 21125013.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Young WF. Endocrine hypertension: then and now. Endocr Pract. 2010 Sep-Oct; 16(5):888-902. PMID: 20713331.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Tanaka S, Link MJ, Brown PD, Stafford SL, Young WF, Pollock BE. Gamma knife radiosurgery for patients with prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas. World Neurosurg. 2010 Jul; 74(1):147-52. PMID: 21300006.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Leenstra JL, Tanaka S, Kline RW, Brown PD, Link MJ, Nippoldt TB, Young WF, Pollock BE. Factors associated with endocrine deficits after stereotactic radiosurgery of pituitary adenomas. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jul; 67(1):27-32; discussion 32-3. PMID: 20559089.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Freel EM, Stanson AW, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Young WF. Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines: a normal value study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Mar; 95(3):1328-32. PMID: 20061413.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Zhang L, Smyrk TC, Young WF, Stratakis CA, Carney JA. Gastric stromal tumors in Carney triad are different clinically, pathologically, and behaviorally from sporadic gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors: findings in 104 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010 Jan; 34(1):53-64. PMID: 19935059.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Vanderveen KA, Thompson SM, Callstrom MR, Young WF, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Thompson GB. Biopsy of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas: potential for disaster. Surgery. 2009 Dec; 146(6):1158-66. PMID: 19958944.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Price TN, Thompson GB, Lewis JT, Lloyd RV, Young WF. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome due to primary gastrinoma of the extrahepatic biliary tree: three case reports and review of literature. Endocr Pract. 2009 Nov-Dec; 15(7):737-49. PMID: 19491075.
    View in: PubMed
  20. McKenzie TJ, Lillegard JB, Young WF, Thompson GB. Aldosteronomas--state of the art. Surg Clin North Am. 2009 Oct; 89(5):1241-53. PMID: 19836495.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism--one picture is not worth a thousand words. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Sep 1; 151(5):357-8. PMID: 19721025.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Young WF, Stanson AW. What are the keys to successful adrenal venous sampling (AVS) in patients with primary aldosteronism? Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Jan; 70(1):14-7. PMID: 19128364.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Vegeler RC, Young WF. All-terrain vehicle accidents at a level II trauma center in Indiana: an 8-year retrospective review. Int Surg. 2009 Jan-Feb; 94(1):84-7. PMID: 20099434.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Erickson D, Scheithauer B, Atkinson J, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV, Young WF. Silent subtype 3 pituitary adenoma: a clinicopathologic analysis of the Mayo Clinic experience. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Jul; 71(1):92-9. PMID: 19170710.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Brown ML, Zayas GE, Abel MD, Young WF, Schaff HV. Mediastinal paragangliomas: the mayo clinic experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Sep; 86(3):946-51. PMID: 18721588.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Vijan SS, Ibrahim Z, Thompson GB, Schaff HV, Young WF. Familial paragangliomas: case report and literature review. Endocr Pract. 2008 Jul-Aug; 14(5):603-6. PMID: 18753105.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Funder JW, Carey RM, Fardella C, Gomez-Sanchez CE, Mantero F, Stowasser M, Young WF, Montori VM. Case detection, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with primary aldosteronism: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Sep; 93(9):3266-81. PMID: 18552288.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Klein RD, Jin L, Rumilla K, Young WF, Lloyd RV. Germline SDHB mutations are common in patients with apparently sporadic sympathetic paragangliomas. Diagn Mol Pathol. 2008 Jun; 17(2):94-100. PMID: 18382370.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Pollock BE, Brown PD, Nippoldt TB, Young WF. Pituitary tumor type affects the chance of biochemical remission after radiosurgery of hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6):1271-6; discussion 1276-8. PMID: 18824993.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Porterfield JR, Thompson GB, Young WF, Chow JT, Fryrear RS, van Heerden JA, Farley DR, Atkinson JL, Meyer FB, Abboud CF, Nippoldt TB, Natt N, Erickson D, Vella A, Carpenter PC, Richards M, Carney JA, Larson D, Schleck C, Churchward M, Grant CS. Surgery for Cushing's syndrome: an historical review and recent ten-year experience. World J Surg. 2008 May; 32(5):659-77. PMID: 18196319.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Young WF, du Plessis H, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Erickson D, Vella A, Stanson AW, Carney JA, Abboud CF, Carpenter PC. The clinical conundrum of corticotropin-independent autonomous cortisol secretion in patients with bilateral adrenal masses. World J Surg. 2008 May; 32(5):856-62. PMID: 18074172.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Atkinson JL, Young WF, Meyer FB, Davis DH, Nippoldt TB, Erickson D, Vella A, Natt N, Abboud CF, Carpenter PC. Sublabial transseptal vs transnasal combined endoscopic microsurgery in patients with Cushing disease and MRI-depicted microadenomas. Mayo Clin Proc. 2008 May; 83(5):550-3. PMID: 18452684.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Zarnegar R, Young WF, Lee J, Sweet MP, Kebebew E, Farley DR, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Clark OH, Duh QY. The aldosteronoma resolution score: predicting complete resolution of hypertension after adrenalectomy for aldosteronoma. Ann Surg. 2008 Mar; 247(3):511-8. PMID: 18376197.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Fisher A, Young WF. Is the lateral cervical spine x-ray obsolete during the initial evaluation of patients with acute trauma? Surg Neurol. 2008 Jul; 70(1):53-7; discussion 58. PMID: 18207543.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Dao LN, Scheithauer BW, Erlandson RA, Young WF, Aidan Carney J. Divergent myoid, neuroendocrine, and perineural differentiation in a nasal tumor of a patient with Carney complex. Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Jan; 32(1):167-71. PMID: 18162785.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Young WF. Adrenal causes of hypertension: pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2007 Dec; 8(4):309-20. PMID: 17914676.
    View in: PubMed
  37. You YN, Thompson GB, Young WF, Larson D, Farley DR, Richards M, Grant CS. Pancreatoduodenal surgery in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: Operative outcomes, long-term function, and quality of life. Surgery. 2007 Dec; 142(6):829-36; discussion 836.e1. PMID: 18063064.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Young WF, Thompson GB. Role for laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2007 Nov; 51(8):1349-54. PMID: 18209873.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Chow JT, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Young WF. Bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy for corticotrophin-dependent Cushing's syndrome: a review of the Mayo Clinic experience. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2008 Apr; 68(4):513-9. PMID: 17970770.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Algeciras-Schimnich A, Preissner CM, Young WF, Singh RJ, Grebe SK. Plasma chromogranin A or urine fractionated metanephrines follow-up testing improves the diagnostic accuracy of plasma fractionated metanephrines for pheochromocytoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Jan; 93(1):91-5. PMID: 17940110.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Erickson D, Natt N, Nippoldt T, Young WF, Carpenter PC, Petterson T, Christianson T. Dexamethasone-suppressed corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test for diagnosis of mild hypercortisolism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Aug; 92(8):2972-6. PMID: 17488798.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: renaissance of a syndrome. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2007 May; 66(5):607-18. PMID: 17492946.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Perry CG, Sawka AM, Singh R, Thabane L, Bajnarek J, Young WF. The diagnostic efficacy of urinary fractionated metanephrines measured by tandem mass spectrometry in detection of pheochromocytoma. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2007 May; 66(5):703-8. PMID: 17388796.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Young WF. Clinical practice. The incidentally discovered adrenal mass. N Engl J Med. 2007 Feb 8; 356(6):601-10. PMID: 17287480.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Baron EM, Young WF. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a brief review of its pathophysiology, clinical course, and diagnosis. Neurosurgery. 2007 Jan; 60(1 Supp1 1):S35-41. PMID: 17204884.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Pham TH, Moir C, Thompson GB, Zarroug AE, Hamner CE, Farley D, van Heerden J, Lteif AN, Young WF. Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma in children: a review of medical and surgical management at a tertiary care center. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep; 118(3):1109-17. PMID: 16951005.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Young WF. Paragangliomas: clinical overview. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Aug; 1073:21-9. PMID: 17102068.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Scheithauer BW, Gaffey TA, Lloyd RV, Sebo TJ, Kovacs KT, Horvath E, Yapicier O, Young WF, Meyer FB, Kuroki T, Riehle DL, Laws ER. Pathobiology of pituitary adenomas and carcinomas. Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):341-53; discussion 341-53. PMID: 16883174.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Mattsson C, Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: diagnostic and treatment strategies. Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 2006 Apr; 2(4):198-208; quiz, 1 p following 230. PMID: 16932426.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Young WF, Abboud AL. Editorial: paraganglioma--all in the family. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Mar; 91(3):790-2. PMID: 16522703.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Mattsson C, Stanhope CR, Sam S, Young WF. Image in endocrinology: testosterone-secreting ovarian tumor localized with (fluorine-18)-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Mar; 91(3):738-9. PMID: 16522702.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Perry CG, Young WF, McWhinney SR, Bei T, Stergiopoulos S, Knudson RA, Ketterling RP, Eng C, Stratakis CA, Carney JA. Functioning paraganglioma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the jejunum in three women: syndrome or coincidence. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006 Jan; 30(1):42-9. PMID: 16330941.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Young WF, Thompson GB. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for patients who have Cushing's syndrome. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2005 Jun; 34(2):489-99, xi. PMID: 15850855.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Scheithauer BW, Kurtkaya-Yapicier O, Kovacs KT, Young WF, Lloyd RV. Pituitary carcinoma: a clinicopathological review. Neurosurgery. 2005 May; 56(5):1066-74; discussion 1066-74. PMID: 15854256.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Young WF, Axelrod P, Jallo J. Elective spinal surgery in asymptomatic HIV-seropositive persons: perioperative complications and outcomes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Jan 15; 30(2):256-9. PMID: 15644766.
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  56. Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Young WF, Lloyd RV. The pituitary in Turner syndrome. Endocr Pathol. 2005; 16(3):195-200. PMID: 16299402.
    View in: PubMed
  57. McGann C, Tazelaar H, Cho SR, Al-Saghir Y, Shean F, Young W, Schaff H. In vivo detection of encapsulated intracardiac paraganglioma by delayed gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2005; 7(2):371-5. PMID: 15881516.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Young WF, Stanson AW, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, van Heerden JA. Role for adrenal venous sampling in primary aldosteronism. Surgery. 2004 Dec; 136(6):1227-35. PMID: 15657580.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Eisenhofer G, Bornstein SR, Brouwers FM, Cheung NK, Dahia PL, de Krijger RR, Giordano TJ, Greene LA, Goldstein DS, Lehnert H, Manger WM, Maris JM, Neumann HP, Pacak K, Shulkin BL, Smith DI, Tischler AS, Young WF. Malignant pheochromocytoma: current status and initiatives for future progress. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2004 Sep; 11(3):423-36. PMID: 15369446.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Sawka AM, Gafni A, Thabane L, Young WF. The economic implications of three biochemical screening algorithms for pheochromocytoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jun; 89(6):2859-66. PMID: 15181069.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Erickson D, Huston J, Young WF, Carpenter PC, Wermers RA, Bonelli FS, Powell CC. Internal jugular vein sampling in adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome: a comparison with inferior petrosal sinus sampling. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2004 Apr; 60(4):413-9. PMID: 15049954.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Garovic VD, Hogan MC, Kanakiriya SK, Grant CS, Young WF. Labile hypertension, increased metanephrines and imaging misadventures. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004 Apr; 19(4):1004-6. PMID: 15031367.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Carey RM, Young W. Patient information page from the Hormone Foundation. Hormones and hypertension. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Mar; 89(3):facing inside back cover. PMID: 15001659.
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  64. Mulatero P, Stowasser M, Loh KC, Fardella CE, Gordon RD, Mosso L, Gomez-Sanchez CE, Veglio F, Young WF. Increased diagnosis of primary aldosteronism, including surgically correctable forms, in centers from five continents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Mar; 89(3):1045-50. PMID: 15001583.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Cordera F, Grant C, van Heerden J, Thompson G, Young W. Androgen-secreting adrenal tumors. Surgery. 2003 Dec; 134(6):874-80; discussion 880. PMID: 14668717.
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  66. Baron EM, Soliman AM, Gaughan JP, Simpson L, Young WF. Dysphagia, hoarseness, and unilateral true vocal fold motion impairment following anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2003 Nov; 112(11):921-6. PMID: 14653359.
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  67. Smallridge RC, Bourne K, Pearson BW, Van Heerden JA, Carpenter PC, Young WF. Cushing's syndrome due to medullary thyroid carcinoma: diagnosis by proopiomelanocortin messenger ribonucleic acid in situ hybridization. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Oct; 88(10):4565-8. PMID: 14557423.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Kudva YC, Sawka AM, Young WF. Clinical review 164: The laboratory diagnosis of adrenal pheochromocytoma: the Mayo Clinic experience. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Oct; 88(10):4533-9. PMID: 14557417.
    View in: PubMed
  69. George DH, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Young WF, Lloyd RV, Meyer FB. Crooke's cell adenoma of the pituitary: an aggressive variant of corticotroph adenoma. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003 Oct; 27(10):1330-6. PMID: 14508394.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Zangeneh F, Young WF, Lloyd RV, Chiang M, Kurczynski E, Zangeneh F. Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic production of corticotropin-releasing hormone in an infant with ganglioneuroblastoma. Endocr Pract. 2003 Sep-Oct; 9(5):394-9. PMID: 14583423.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism - treatment options. Growth Horm IGF Res. 2003 Aug; 13 Suppl A:S102-8. PMID: 12914736.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Roncaroli F, Nosé V, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Young WF, Lloyd RV, Bishop MC, Hsi B, Fletcher JA. Gonadotropic pituitary carcinoma: HER-2/neu expression and gene amplification. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg. 2003 Aug; 99(2):402-8. PMID: 12924717.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Young WF. Minireview: primary aldosteronism--changing concepts in diagnosis and treatment. Endocrinology. 2003 Jun; 144(6):2208-13. PMID: 12746276.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Baxter JD, Young WF, Webb P. Cardiovascular endocrinology: introduction. Endocr Rev. 2003 Jun; 24(3):253-60. PMID: 12788796.
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  75. Rizza RA, Vigersky RA, Rodbard HW, Ladenson PW, Young WF, Surks MI, Kahn R, Hogan PF. A model to determine workforce needs for endocrinologists in the United States until 2020. Diabetes Care. 2003 May; 26(5):1545-52. PMID: 12716820.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Riss D, Jin L, Qian X, Bayliss J, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Vidal S, Kovacs K, Raz A, Lloyd RV. Differential expression of galectin-3 in pituitary tumors. Cancer Res. 2003 May 1; 63(9):2251-5. PMID: 12727847.
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  77. Rizza RA, Vigersky RA, Rodbard HW, Ladenson PW, Young WF, Surks MI, Kahn R, Hogan PF. A model to determine workforce needs for endocrinologists in the United States until 2020. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 May; 88(5):1979-87. PMID: 12727941.
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  78. Cohen-Gadol AA, Pichelmann MA, Link MJ, Scheithauer BW, Krecke KN, Young WF, Hardy J, Giannini C. Granular cell tumor of the sellar and suprasellar region: clinicopathologic study of 11 cases and literature review. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003 May; 78(5):567-73. PMID: 12744543.
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  79. Rizza RA, Vigersky RA, Rodbard HW, Ladenson PW, Young WF, Surks MI, Kahn R, Hogan PF. A model to determine workforce needs for endocrinologists in the United States until 2020. Endocr Pract. 2003 May-Jun; 9(3):210-9. PMID: 12917063.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Roncaroli F, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Kros JM, Al-Sarraj S, Lloyd RV, Faustini-Fustini M. Silent corticotroph carcinoma of the adenohypophysis: a report of five cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003 Apr; 27(4):477-86. PMID: 12657932.
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  81. Osranek M, Bursi F, Gura GM, Young WF, Seward JB. Echocardiographic features of pheochromocytoma of the heart. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Mar 1; 91(5):640-3. PMID: 12615285.
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  82. Sawka AM, Jaeschke R, Singh RJ, Young WF. A comparison of biochemical tests for pheochromocytoma: measurement of fractionated plasma metanephrines compared with the combination of 24-hour urinary metanephrines and catecholamines. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Feb; 88(2):553-8. PMID: 12574179.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Thompson GB, Young WF. Adrenal incidentaloma. Curr Opin Oncol. 2003 Jan; 15(1):84-90. PMID: 12490767.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Kendrick ML, Curlee K, Lloyd R, Farley DR, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Rowland C, Young WF, van Heerden JA. Aldosterone-secreting adrenocortical carcinomas are associated with unique operative risks and outcomes. Surgery. 2002 Dec; 132(6):1008-11; discussion 1012. PMID: 12490848.
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  85. Pollock BE, Young WF. Stereotactic radiosurgery for patients with ACTH-producing pituitary adenomas after prior adrenalectomy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Nov 1; 54(3):839-41. PMID: 12377337.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Kurtkaya-Yapicier O, Scheithauer BW, Carney JA, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Stratakis CA, Vidal S, Vella A, Young WF, Atkinson JL, Lloyd RV, Kontogeorgos G. Pituitary adenoma in Carney complex: an immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and immunoelectron microscopic study. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2002 Nov-Dec; 26(6):345-53. PMID: 12537759.
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  87. Young WF. Transient blindness after lumbar epidural steroid injection: a case report and literature review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002 Nov 1; 27(21):E476-7. PMID: 12439000.
    View in: PubMed
  88. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: management issues. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Sep; 970:61-76. PMID: 12381542.
    View in: PubMed
  89. Young AL, Baysal BE, Deb A, Young WF. Familial malignant catecholamine-secreting paraganglioma with prolonged survival associated with mutation in the succinate dehydrogenase B gene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Sep; 87(9):4101-5. PMID: 12213855.
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  90. Montori VM, Young WF. Use of plasma aldosterone concentration-to-plasma renin activity ratio as a screening test for primary aldosteronism. A systematic review of the literature. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2002 Sep; 31(3):619-32, xi. PMID: 12227124.
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  91. Young WF, Boyko O. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmation of resolution of periodontoid pannus formation following C1/C2 posterior transarticular screw fixation. J Clin Neurosci. 2002 Jul; 9(4):434-6. PMID: 12217674.
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  92. Baghai M, Thompson GB, Young WF, Grant CS, Michels VV, van Heerden JA. Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in von Hippel-Lindau disease: a role for laparoscopic and cortical-sparing surgery. Arch Surg. 2002 Jun; 137(6):682-8; discussion 688-9. PMID: 12049539.
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  93. Legos JJ, Gopez JJ, Young WF. Non-surgical management of spinal cord injury. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2002 Apr; 11(4):469-82. PMID: 11922856.
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  94. Young WF, Brown D, Kendler A, Clements D. Delayed post-traumatic osteonecrosis of a vertebral body (Kummell's disease). Acta Orthop Belg. 2002 Feb; 68(1):13-9. PMID: 11915453.
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  95. Gaffey TA, Scheithauer BW, Lloyd RV, Burger PC, Robbins P, Fereidooni F, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Kuroki T, Young WF, Sebo TJ, Riehle DL, Belzberg AJ. Corticotroph carcinoma of the pituitary: a clinicopathological study. Report of four cases. J Neurosurg. 2002 Feb; 96(2):352-60. PMID: 11838811.
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  96. Legos JJ, Gritman KR, Tuma RF, Young WF. Coadministration of methylprednisolone with hypertonic saline solution improves overall neurological function and survival rates in a chronic model of spinal cord injury. Neurosurgery. 2001 Dec; 49(6):1427-33. PMID: 11846943.
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  97. Erickson D, Kudva YC, Ebersold MJ, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Young WF. Benign paragangliomas: clinical presentation and treatment outcomes in 236 patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Nov; 86(11):5210-6. PMID: 11701678.
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  98. Egensperger R, Scheithauer BW, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Giannini C, Young WF, Lloyd R, Atkinson J, Nippoldt TB. Cushing's disease due to plurihormonal adrenocorticotropic hormone and gonadotropin-producing pituitary adenoma. Acta Neuropathol. 2001 Oct; 102(4):398-403. PMID: 11603817.
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  99. Young WF, Weaver M, Snyder B, Narayan R. Reversal of tetraplegia in patients with cervical osteomyelitis--epidural abscess using anterior debridement and fusion. Spinal Cord. 2001 Oct; 39(10):538-40. PMID: 11641798.
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  100. Godfrey JA, Rickman OB, Williams AW, Thompson GB, Young WF. Pheochromocytoma in a patient with end-stage renal disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Sep; 76(9):953-7. PMID: 11560309.
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  101. Sawka AM, Young WF, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Leibson C, van Heerden JA. Primary aldosteronism: factors associated with normalization of blood pressure after surgery. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Aug 21; 135(4):258-61. PMID: 11511140.
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  102. Aniszewski JP, Young WF, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Cushing syndrome due to ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion. World J Surg. 2001 Jul; 25(7):934-40. PMID: 11572035.
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  103. Malik AS, Boyko O, Aktar N, Young WF. A comparative study of MR imaging profile of titanium pedicle screws. Acta Radiol. 2001 May; 42(3):291-3. PMID: 11350287.
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  104. Sawka AM, Young WF, Schaff HV. Cardiac phaeochromocytoma presenting with severe hypertension and chest pain. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2001 May; 54(5):689-92. PMID: 11380501.
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  105. Scheithauer BW, Fereidooni F, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Robbins P, Tews D, Henry K, Pernicone P, Gaffrey TA, Meyer FB, Young WF, Fahlbusch R, Buchfelder M, Lloyd RV. Pituitary carcinoma: an ultrastructural study of eleven cases. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2001 May-Jun; 25(3):227-42. PMID: 11465479.
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  106. Kendrick ML, Lloyd R, Erickson L, Farley DR, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Rowland C, Young WF, van Heerden JA. Adrenocortical carcinoma: surgical progress or status quo? Arch Surg. 2001 May; 136(5):543-9. PMID: 11343545.
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  107. Vella A, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Farley DR, Young WF. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenocorticotropin-dependent Cushing's syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Apr; 86(4):1596-9. PMID: 11297589.
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  108. Lim PO, Young WF, MacDonald TM. A review of the medical treatment of primary aldosteronism. J Hypertens. 2001 Mar; 19(3):353-61. PMID: 11288803.
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  109. Young WF, Baron E. Acute neurologic deterioration after surgical treatment for thoracic spinal stenosis. J Clin Neurosci. 2001 Mar; 8(2):129-32. PMID: 11484662.
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  110. Young WF. The enigma of whiplash injury. Current management strategies and controversies. Postgrad Med. 2001 Mar; 109(3):179-80, 183-6. PMID: 11265356.
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  111. Friedman R, Jallo J, Young WF. Oral ketamine for opioid-resistant acute pain. J Pain. 2001 Feb; 2(1):75-6. PMID: 14622788.
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  112. Sumas ME, Legos JJ, Nathan D, Lamperti AA, Tuma RF, Young WF. Tonicity of resuscitative fluids influences outcome after spinal cord injury. Neurosurgery. 2001 Jan; 48(1):167-72; discussion 172-3. PMID: 11152342.
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  113. Kinney MA, Warner ME, vanHeerden JA, Horlocker TT, Young WF, Schroeder DR, Maxson PM, Warner MA. Perianesthetic risks and outcomes of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma resection. Anesth Analg. 2000 Nov; 91(5):1118-23. PMID: 11049893.
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  114. Young WF. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Sep 1; 62(5):1064-70, 1073. PMID: 10997531.
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  115. Young WF, Pattisapu JV. Ruptured cerebral aneurysm in a 39-day-old infant. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2000 Sep; 102(3):140-3. PMID: 10996711.
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  116. Scheithauer BW, Jaap AJ, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV, Meyer FB, Laws ER, Young WF. Clinically silent corticotroph tumors of the pituitary gland. Neurosurgery. 2000 Sep; 47(3):723-9; discussion 729-30. PMID: 10981760.
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  117. Young WF, Tuma R, O'Grady T. Intraoperative measurement of spinal cord blood flow in syringomyelia. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2000 Sep; 102(3):119-23. PMID: 10996707.
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  118. Loh KC, Koay ES, Khaw MC, Emmanuel SC, Young WF. Prevalence of primary aldosteronism among Asian hypertensive patients in Singapore. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Aug; 85(8):2854-9. PMID: 10946893.
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  119. Barkan AL, Clemmons DR, Molitch ME, Stewart PM, Young WF. Growth hormone therapy for hypopituitary adults: time for re-appraisal. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Aug; 11(6):238-45. PMID: 10878755.
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  120. Bonelli FS, Huston J, Carpenter PC, Erickson D, Young WF, Meyer FB. Adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome: sensitivity and specificity of inferior petrosal sinus sampling. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Apr; 21(4):690-6. PMID: 10782779.
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  121. Young WF. Syringomyelia presenting as a delayed complication of treatment for nocardia brain abscess. Spinal Cord. 2000 Apr; 38(4):265-9. PMID: 10822399.
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  122. Young WF. Management approaches to adrenal incidentalomas. A view from Rochester, Minnesota. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2000 Mar; 29(1):159-85, x. PMID: 10732270.
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  123. Spera PA, Vasthare US, Tuma RF, Young WF. The effects of hypertonic saline on spinal cord blood flow following compression injury. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2000; 142(7):811-7. PMID: 10955677.
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  124. Baron EM, Burke JA, Akhtar N, Young WF. Spinal epidural hematoma associated with tissue plasminogen activator treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 1999 Dec; 48(4):390-6. PMID: 10559822.
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  125. Sawka AM, Aniszewski JP, Young WF, Nippoldt TB, Yanez P, Ebersold MJ. Tension pneumocranium, a rare complication of transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: Mayo Clinic experience 1976-1998. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Dec; 84(12):4731-4. PMID: 10599742.
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  126. Young WF, Weaver M, Mishra B. Surgical outcome in patients with coexisting multiple sclerosis and spondylosis. Acta Neurol Scand. 1999 Aug; 100(2):84-7. PMID: 10442447.
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  127. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: A common and curable form of hypertension. Cardiol Rev. 1999 Jul-Aug; 7(4):207-14. PMID: 10423672.
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  128. Jin L, Kulig E, Qian X, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Davis DH, Seidah NG, Chretien M, Lloyd RV. Distribution and regulation of proconvertases PC1 and PC2 in human pituitary adenomas. Pituitary. 1999 May; 1(3-4):187-95. PMID: 11081197.
    View in: PubMed
  129. Brilakis ES, Young WF, Wilson JW, Thompson GB, Munger TM. Reversible catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy in a heart transplant candidate without persistent or paroxysmal hypertension. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1999 Apr; 18(4):376-80. PMID: 10226904.
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  130. Young WF, Weaver M. Isolated pyogenic osteomyelitis of the odontoid process. Scand J Infect Dis. 1999; 31(5):512-5. PMID: 10576136.
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  131. Thompson MK, Tuma RF, Young WF. The effects of pentoxifylline on spinal cord blood flow after experimental spinal cord injury. J Assoc Acad Minor Phys. 1999; 10(1):23-6. PMID: 10826005.
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  132. Spera PA, Arfors KE, Vasthare US, Tuma RF, Young WF. Effect of hypertonic saline on leukocyte activity after spinal cord injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Nov 15; 23(22):2444-8; discussion 2448-9. PMID: 9836360.
    View in: PubMed
  133. Kollmorgen CF, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Byrne J, Davies ET, Donohue JH, Ilstrup DM, Young WF. Laparoscopic versus open posterior adrenalectomy: comparison of acute-phase response and wound healing in the cushingoid porcine model. World J Surg. 1998 Jun; 22(6):613-9; discussion 619-20. PMID: 9597937.
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  134. Thompson PJ, Davies RJ, Young WF, Grossman AB, Donnell D. Safety of hydrofluoroalkane-134a beclomethasone dipropionate extrafine aerosol. Respir Med. 1998 Jun; 92 Suppl A:33-9. PMID: 9850361.
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  135. Swain JM, Grant CS, Schlinkert RT, Thompson GB, vanHeerden JA, Lloyd RV, Young WF. Corticotropin-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia: a clinicopathologic correlation. Arch Surg. 1998 May; 133(5):541-5; discussion 545-6. PMID: 9605918.
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  136. Vasthare US, Barone FC, Sarau HM, Rosenwasser RH, DiMartino M, Young WF, Tuma RF. Complement depletion improves neurological function in cerebral ischemia. Brain Res Bull. 1998; 45(4):413-9. PMID: 9527016.
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  137. Ness SM, Young WF. Dynamic endocrine testing. The Mayo Clinic model. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1997 Dec; 26(4):957-72. PMID: 9429867.
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  138. Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Schlinkert RT, Young WF, Farley DR, Ilstrup DM. Laparoscopic versus open posterior adrenalectomy: a case-control study of 100 patients. Surgery. 1997 Dec; 122(6):1132-6. PMID: 9426429.
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  139. Young WF. Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism: diagnostic approaches. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1997 Dec; 26(4):801-27. PMID: 9429861.
    View in: PubMed
  140. Kudva YC, Young WF. Lightheaded spells and hypertension. Lancet. 1997 Oct 18; 350(9085):1140. PMID: 9343503.
    View in: PubMed
  141. Levy NT, Young WF, Habermann TM, Strickler JG, Carney JA, Stanson AW. Adrenal insufficiency as a manifestation of disseminated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 1997 Sep; 72(9):818-22. PMID: 9294527.
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  142. Young WF. Informed consent. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Sep; 30(3):350-1. PMID: 9287901.
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  143. Jallo J, Saetzler R, Mishke C, Young WF, Vasthare U, Tuma RF. A chronic model to simultaneously measure intracranial pressure, cerebral blood flow, and study the pial microvasculature. J Neurosci Methods. 1997 Aug 22; 75(2):155-60. PMID: 9288647.
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  144. Jin L, Qian X, Kulig E, Sanno N, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Young WF, Lloyd RV. Transforming growth factor-beta, transforming growth factor-beta receptor II, and p27Kip1 expression in nontumorous and neoplastic human pituitaries. Am J Pathol. 1997 Aug; 151(2):509-19. PMID: 9250163.
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  145. Young WF. Pheochromocytoma: issues in diagnosis & treatment. Compr Ther. 1997 May; 23(5):319-26. PMID: 9195121.
    View in: PubMed
  146. Tuma RF, Vasthare US, Arfors KE, Young WF. Hypertonic saline administration attenuates spinal cord injury. J Trauma. 1997 May; 42(5 Suppl):S54-60. PMID: 9191697.
    View in: PubMed
  147. Martyn CN, Coggon DN, Inskip H, Lacey RF, Young WF. Aluminum concentrations in drinking water and risk of Alzheimer's disease. Epidemiology. 1997 May; 8(3):281-6. PMID: 9115023.
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  148. Natt N, Young WF. The ovine corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test in the differential diagnosis of adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent cushing's syndrome. Endocr Pract. 1997 May-Jun; 3(3):130-4. PMID: 15251472.
    View in: PubMed
  149. Heshmati HM, Touitou Y, Foubert L, Young WF, Bruckert E, Turpin G. Serum neuron-specific enolase in patients with pituitary adenoma. Clin Chem. 1997 Mar; 43(3):540-1. PMID: 9068601.
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  150. Pernicone PJ, Scheithauer BW, Sebo TJ, Kovacs KT, Horvath E, Young WF, Lloyd RV, Davis DH, Guthrie BL, Schoene WC. Pituitary carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 15 cases. Cancer. 1997 Feb 15; 79(4):804-12. PMID: 9024719.
    View in: PubMed
  151. Young WF. Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism. Cancer Treat Res. 1997; 89:239-61. PMID: 9204196.
    View in: PubMed
  152. Young WF. Phaeochromocytoma: how to catch a moonbeam in your hand. Eur J Endocrinol. 1997 Jan; 136(1):28-9. PMID: 9037119.
    View in: PubMed
  153. Young WF, Stanson AW, Grant CS, Thompson GB, van Heerden JA. Primary aldosteronism: adrenal venous sampling. Surgery. 1996 Dec; 120(6):913-9; discussion 919-20. PMID: 8957473.
    View in: PubMed
  154. O'Riordain DS, Young WF, Grant CS, Carney JA, van Heerden JA. Clinical spectrum and outcome of functional extraadrenal paraganglioma. World J Surg. 1996 Sep; 20(7):916-21; discussion 922. PMID: 8678971.
    View in: PubMed
  155. Young WF, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs KT, Horvath E, Davis DH, Randall RV. Gonadotroph adenoma of the pituitary gland: a clinicopathologic analysis of 100 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1996 Jul; 71(7):649-56. PMID: 8656706.
    View in: PubMed
  156. Jin L, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Davis DH, Klee GG, Lloyd RV. Pancreastatin secretion by pituitary adenomas and regulation of chromogranin B mRNA expression. Am J Pathol. 1996 Jun; 148(6):2057-66. PMID: 8669489.
    View in: PubMed
  157. Tan GH, Carney JA, Grant CS, Young WF. Coexistence of bilateral adrenal phaeochromocytoma and idiopathic hyperaldosteronism. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1996 May; 44(5):603-9. PMID: 8762738.
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  158. Young WF, Morledge DE, Martin W, Park KB. Intraoperative stimulation of pedicle screws: a new method for verification of screw placement. Surg Neurol. 1995 Dec; 44(6):544-7. PMID: 8669028.
    View in: PubMed
  159. Yamamoto Y, Davis DH, Nippoldt TB, Young WF, Huston J, Parisi JE. False-positive inferior petrosal sinus sampling in the diagnosis of Cushing's disease. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg. 1995 Dec; 83(6):1087-91. PMID: 7490627.
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  160. Naylor MF, Scheithauer BW, Forbes GS, Tomlinson FH, Young WF. Rathke cleft cyst: CT, MR, and pathology of 23 cases. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1995 Nov-Dec; 19(6):853-9. PMID: 8537515.
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  161. Newman CB, Melmed S, Snyder PJ, Young WF, Boyajy LD, Levy R, Stewart WN, Klibanski A, Molitch ME, Gagel RF. Safety and efficacy of long-term octreotide therapy of acromegaly: results of a multicenter trial in 103 patients--a clinical research center study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Sep; 80(9):2768-75. PMID: 7673422.
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  162. Tan GH, Young WF. Transient hypopituitarism. Endocr Pract. 1995 Sep-Oct; 1(5):320-2. PMID: 15251576.
    View in: PubMed
  163. Young WF, Maddox DE. Spells: in search of a cause. Mayo Clin Proc. 1995 Aug; 70(8):757-65. PMID: 7630214.
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  164. Crotty TB, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Davis DH, Shaw EG, Miller GM, Burger PC. Papillary craniopharyngioma: a clinicopathological study of 48 cases. J Neurosurg. 1995 Aug; 83(2):206-14. PMID: 7616262.
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  165. Lloyd RV, Jin L, Qian X, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Davis DH. Analysis of the chromogranin A post-translational cleavage product pancreastatin and the prohormone convertases PC2 and PC3 in normal and neoplastic human pituitaries. Am J Pathol. 1995 May; 146(5):1188-98. PMID: 7747813.
    View in: PubMed
  166. van Heerden JA, Young WF, Grant CS, Carpenter PC. Adrenal surgery for hypercortisolism--surgical aspects. Surgery. 1995 Apr; 117(4):466-72. PMID: 7716730.
    View in: PubMed
  167. Dinneen SF, Carney JA, Carpenter PC, Grant CS, Young WF. Acth-independent Cushing's syndrome: bilateral cortisol-producing adrenal adenomas. Endocr Pract. 1995 Mar-Apr; 1(2):77-81. PMID: 15251598.
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  168. O'Riordain DS, Farley DR, Young WF, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Long-term outcome of bilateral adrenalectomy in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Surgery. 1994 Dec; 116(6):1088-93; discussion 1093-4. PMID: 7985092.
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  169. Maus TL, Young WF, Brubaker RF. Aqueous flow in humans after adrenalectomy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Jul; 35(8):3325-31. PMID: 8045722.
    View in: PubMed
  170. Young WF, Hogan MJ. Renin-Independent hypermineralocorticoidism. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Apr; 5(3):97-106. PMID: 18407194.
    View in: PubMed
  171. Young WF, Rosenwasser RH, Vasthare US, Tuma RF. Preservation of post-compression spinal cord function by infusion of hypertonic saline. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1994 Apr; 6(2):122-7. PMID: 8012171.
    View in: PubMed
  172. Sheridan PT, Brubaker RF, Larsson LI, Rettig ES, Young WF. The effect of oral dexamethasone on the circadian rhythm of aqueous humor flow in humans. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Mar; 35(3):1150-6. PMID: 8125726.
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  173. Young WF, Rosenwasser RH, Getch C, Jallo J. Diagnosis and management of occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 1994 Feb; 34(2):257-60; discussion 260-1. PMID: 8177386.
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  174. Sano T, Kovacs KT, Scheithauer BW, Young WF. Aging and the human pituitary gland. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Oct; 68(10):971-7. PMID: 8412363.
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  175. Young WF, Bivins HG. Evaluation of gastric emptying using radionuclides: gastric lavage versus ipecac-induced emesis. Ann Emerg Med. 1993 Sep; 22(9):1423-7. PMID: 8103308.
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  176. Young WF, Rosenwasser RH. An early comparative analysis of the use of fibular allograft versus autologous iliac crest graft for interbody fusion after anterior cervical discectomy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Jul; 18(9):1123-4. PMID: 8362317.
    View in: PubMed
  177. Young WF, Katz MR, Rosenwasser RH. Spontaneous migration of an intracranial bullet into the cervical canal. South Med J. 1993 May; 86(5):557-9. PMID: 8488405.
    View in: PubMed
  178. Young WF. Pheochromocytoma: 1926-1993. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 1993 May-Jun; 4(4):122-7. PMID: 18407145.
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  179. O'Brien T, Young WF, Palumbo PJ, O'Brien PC, Service FJ. Hypertension and dyslipidemia in patients with insulinoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Feb; 68(2):141-6. PMID: 8423694.
    View in: PubMed
  180. Zimmerman D, Young WF, Ebersold MJ, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Whitaker MD, Eberhardt NL, Downs TR, Frohman LA. Congenital gigantism due to growth hormone-releasing hormone excess and pituitary hyperplasia with adenomatous transformation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Jan; 76(1):216-22. PMID: 8421089.
    View in: PubMed
  181. O'Brien T, Young WF, Davila DG, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Vale W, van Heerden JA. Cushing's syndrome associated with ectopic production of corticotrophin-releasing hormone, corticotrophin and vasopressin by a phaeochromocytoma. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1992 Nov; 37(5):460-7. PMID: 1283118.
    View in: PubMed
  182. Ezzat S, Snyder PJ, Young WF, Boyajy LD, Newman C, Klibanski A, Molitch ME, Boyd AE, Sheeler L, Cook DM, et al. Octreotide treatment of acromegaly. A randomized, multicenter study. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Nov 1; 117(9):711-8. PMID: 1416572.
    View in: PubMed
  183. Marin F, Kovacs KT, Scheithauer BW, Young WF. The pituitary gland in patients with breast carcinoma: a histologic and immunocytochemical study of 125 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992 Oct; 67(10):949-56. PMID: 1434855.
    View in: PubMed
  184. Wynne AG, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Kovacs K, Ebersold MJ, Horvath E. Coexisting corticotroph and lactotroph adenomas: case report with reference to the relationship of corticotropin and prolactin excess. Neurosurgery. 1992 Jun; 30(6):919-23. PMID: 1319562.
    View in: PubMed
  185. Stefaneanu L, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Sano T, Jin L. Pituitary lactotrophs and somatotrophs in pregnancy: a correlative in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical study. Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol Incl Mol Pathol. 1992; 62(5):291-6. PMID: 1359702.
    View in: PubMed
  186. Scheithauer BW, Kovacs KT, Young WF, Randall RV. The pituitary gland in hyperthyroidism. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992 Jan; 67(1):22-6. PMID: 1732687.
    View in: PubMed
  187. Service FJ, O'Brien PC, Kao PC, Young WF. C-peptide suppression test: effects of gender, age, and body mass index; implications for the diagnosis of insulinoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Jan; 74(1):204-10. PMID: 1727822.
    View in: PubMed
  188. Young WF, Rosenwasser RH. Intracranial extension of a frontoethmoidal sinus mucocele. A delayed complication of chronic sinusitis. N Y State J Med. 1991 Apr; 91(4):163-4. PMID: 2047035.
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  189. Young WF. Human liver tyrosylsulfotransferase. Gastroenterology. 1990 Oct; 99(4):1072-8. PMID: 2394328.
    View in: PubMed
  190. Leinung MC, Young WF, Whitaker MD, Scheithauer BW, Trastek VF, Kvols LK. Diagnosis of corticotropin-producing bronchial carcinoid tumors causing Cushing's syndrome. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Oct; 65(10):1314-21. PMID: 2170782.
    View in: PubMed
  191. Young WF, Zinsmeister AR, Twomey CK, Kao PC, Jiang NS, Carpenter PC. Ovine corticotropin releasing hormone stimulation test: normal value study. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Jul; 65(7):943-8. PMID: 2165546.
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  192. Scheithauer BW, Sano T, Kovacs KT, Young WF, Ryan N, Randall RV. The pituitary gland in pregnancy: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 69 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Apr; 65(4):461-74. PMID: 2159093.
    View in: PubMed
  193. Torres VE, Young WF, Offord KP, Hattery RR. Association of hypokalemia, aldosteronism, and renal cysts. N Engl J Med. 1990 Feb 8; 322(6):345-51. PMID: 2405267.
    View in: PubMed
  194. Young WF, Hogan MJ, Klee GG, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Primary aldosteronism: diagnosis and treatment. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Jan; 65(1):96-110. PMID: 2404167.
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  195. Young WF, Carney JA, Musa BU, Wulffraat NM, Lens JW, Drexhage HA. Familial Cushing's syndrome due to primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease. Reinvestigation 50 years later. N Engl J Med. 1989 Dec 14; 321(24):1659-64. PMID: 2586567.
    View in: PubMed
  196. Payne TH, Gabella BA, Michael SL, Young WF, Pickard J, Hofeldt FD, Fan F, Stromberg JS, Hamman RF. Preventive care in diabetes mellitus. Current practice in urban health-care system. Diabetes Care. 1989 Nov-Dec; 12(10):745-7. PMID: 2612308.
    View in: PubMed
  197. Rainwater LM, Young WF, Farrow GM, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Lieber MM. Flow cytometric analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy in benign and malignant aldosterone-producing neoplasms of the adrenal gland. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1989 Jun; 168(6):491-6. PMID: 2727877.
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  198. Young WF, Klee GG. Primary aldosteronism. Diagnostic evaluation. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1988 Jun; 17(2):367-95. PMID: 3042391.
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  199. Young WF, Gorman CA, Weinshilboum RM. Triiodothyronine: a substrate for the thermostable and thermolabile forms of human phenol sulfotransferase. Endocrinology. 1988 May; 122(5):1816-24. PMID: 3162871.
    View in: PubMed
  200. Young WF, Scheithauer BW, Gharib H, Laws ER, Carpenter PC. Cushing's syndrome due to primary multinodular corticotrope hyperplasia. Mayo Clin Proc. 1988 Mar; 63(3):256-62. PMID: 2830441.
    View in: PubMed
  201. Hosaka Y, Rainwater LM, Grant CS, Young WF, Farrow GM, van Heerden JA, Lieber MM. Adrenocortical carcinoma: nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy studied by flow cytometry. Surgery. 1987 Dec; 102(6):1027-34. PMID: 2446399.
    View in: PubMed
  202. Young WF, Laws ER, Sharbrough FW, Weinshilboum RM. Human monoamine oxidase. Lack of brain and platelet correlation. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1986 Jun; 43(6):604-9. PMID: 3085628.
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  203. Hamman RF, Cook M, Keefer S, Young WF, Finch JL, Lezotte D, McLaren B, Orleans M, Klingensmith G, Chase HP. Medical care patterns at the onset of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: association with severity and subsequent complications. Diabetes Care. 1985 Sep-Oct; 8 Suppl 1:94-100. PMID: 4053961.
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  204. Young WF, Laws ER, Sharbrough FW, Weinshilboum RM. Human phenol sulfotransferase: correlation of brain and platelet activities. J Neurochem. 1985 Apr; 44(4):1131-7. PMID: 3855967.
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  205. Young WF, Abboud CF, Laws ER, Van Loon JA, Weinshilboum RM. Erythrocyte catechol-O-methyltransferase, platelet monoamine oxidase, and platelet phenol sulfotransferase activities in patients with prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1984 Dec; 59(6):1207-10. PMID: 6593325.
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  206. Young WF, Okazaki H, Laws ER, Weinshilboum RM. Human brain phenol sulfotransferase: biochemical properties and regional localization. J Neurochem. 1984 Sep; 43(3):706-15. PMID: 6589361.
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  207. Haworth EM, Hodson CJ, Joyce CR, Pringle EM, Solimano G, Young WF. Radiological measurement of smallbowel calibre in normal subjects according to age. Clin Radiol. 1967 Oct; 18(4):417-21. PMID: 6073911.
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